Solution Options in the Syrian Crisis
No matter which method is chosen for Syria, it will be neither rational nor realistic to expect a miraculous solution for the Syrian crisis.
The United States giving in to the diplomatic initiatives by Russia stepped back in the global competition. US President Barack Obama came off the stage while his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin took the lead as a playmaker. Neither the Syria Intervention Plan postponed by Obama nor the Putin’s plan for Syria to eliminate its chemical weapons offers a final solution for the Syrian crisis.
The US and Russia seem to agree that a crisis controlled behind the curtains will not be against their interests because the options on the table are not the kind to change the balances in the field.
NO MIRACULOUS SOLUTION FOR THE SYRIAN CRISIS
The crisis and the civil war in Syria, which has been ongoing for more than two years, have become extremely complicated because countries such as Iran and Russia supported the regime while some others backed the opposition. Syria has turned into a competition arena where, on one side, the civil war rages while a power struggle exists between regional and global actors on the other. Now, Syria is a country where regional and global actors test their self-powers. Therefore, it is almost impossible to arrive at an easy solution for the crisis in the near future. Afghanistan and Iraq examples also indicate that foreign interventions may not always yield the expected results.
The following are the possible options for the crisis in Syria. The way these options are understood and interpreted will require us to take steps that will change the future of Syria. 120,000 people died in Syria and more will die if the current situation and political power balances persist. This will irreparably destroy the social texture of the country on denominational grounds. The number of the refugees will dramatically increase. This will amplify border security risks for Turkey. Is it possible to sit back and watch these developments? Until when can one remain a mere spectator?
RISKS OF THE FOREIGN INTERVENTION
Although a foreign intervention carries numerous risks, if the intervention takes place, it will provide two options. If this intervention overthrows the regime and a new and a broad-based government replaces it (and this, without a doubt, will not be easy), then an opportunity for the resolution of the crisis may arise. As a matter of fact, opening a political sphere in the frame of democratic demands was the starting point of the Syrian crisis. If this intervention fails to overthrow the regime, then we likely go back to square one as the spiral of violence expands in the country. In this sense, one must question whether or not giving diplomatic initiatives a chance will yield any results. Given that the initiatives of the Arab League observers in the wake of the crisis, the former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan’s mediation and the first Geneva summit did not yield any results; it is possible to say that diplomatic channels are blocked to a great extent. No matter which method is chosen for Syria, it will be neither rational nor realistic to expect a miraculous solution for the Syrian crisis.
[Sabah Perspektif, September 14, 2013]
Translated by Gülgün Kozan Köse
Kılıç Buğra Kanat
Although the use of chemical weapons in Syria has forced the United States (US) administration to take action, it does not seem to make a big difference in the US attitude towards the issue in terms of strategy.
Following the use of chemical weapons by Bashar al Assad, who has violated all the red lines in international politics, the US and others have started to discuss a possible military intervention in Syria, but this is mostly because they have concerns about maintaining the legitimacy of the international system.
There is really only one question: Is this a Syrian crisis or a global political depression?